A quadrilateral ^@ ABCD ^@ is drawn to circumscribe a circle, as shown in the figure. Prove that ^@ AB + CD = AD + BC ^@.
D C A B R S Q P


Answer:


Step by Step Explanation:
  1. We know that the lengths of tangents drawn from an exterior point to a circle are equal.

    Thus, @^ \begin{aligned} & AP = AS && \ldots \text{(i)} && \text{[Tangents from A]} \\ & BP = BQ && \ldots \text{(ii)} && \text{[Tangents from B]} \\ & CR = CQ && \ldots \text{(iii)} && \text{[Tangents from C]} \\ & DR = DS && \ldots \text{(iv)} && \text{[Tangents from D]} \end{aligned} @^
  2. Now, let us find the length ^@ AB + CD ^@.

    We see that ^@ AB = AP + BP \text{ and } CD = CR + DR. ^@

    So, @^ \begin{aligned} AB + CD & = (AP + BP) + (CR + DR) \\ & = (AS + BQ) + (CQ + DS) && \text{[Using } eq \text{(i), (ii), (iii), and (iv)]} \\ & = (AS + DS) + (BQ + CQ) \\ & = AD + BC && [ \because \text{ AD = AS + DS and BC = BQ +CQ ]} \end{aligned} @^
  3. Hence, ^@ AB + CD = AD + BC ^@.

You can reuse this answer
Creative Commons License

What they say